Giornale storico della letteratura italiana | 2018 | N. 652

Anno 2018 – Annata: CXXXV – N. 652
A cura di Barbara Manfellotto

Autore/i articolo: Roberto Galbiati
Titolo articolo: Alle soglie dell’ “Orlando furioso”: la letteratura cavalleresca tra Quattro e Cinquecento e il “Furioso” del 1516

Boiardo’s Inamoramento de Orlando transformed the stories of Charlemagne and his paladins into something more than mere entertainment, and
he did so by instilling Orlando’s adventures with a clear allegorical meaning
and by introducing the figure of Rugiero to cast a contemporary light on
the epic poem. Almost all of the later chivalric romances followed in Boiardo’s footsteps, some more successfully than others. This essay provides an
overview of the main chivalric romances written during the 15th and 16th
centuries, and then focuses on the first cantos of the 1516 edition of Orlando
Furioso, showing how the Inamoramento de Orlando provided the former not
only with the characters and material for the canto, but also marked the path
upon which Ariosto would unhesitatingly embark.

Lingua: Italiano
Etichette: Letteratura cavalleresca, Poesia, XV secolo, XVI secolo, Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando furioso,

Autore/i articolo: Alessandro Metlica
Titolo articolo: Per una nuova lettura di “Adone” XX 250-376

This essay proposes a close reading of Canto XX of Giovan Battista
Marino’s Adone, focusing in particular on lines 250-376 in ottava rima. Here
the author depicts a quintain, or Saracen joust, a test of skill in which knights
must strike a pivoting wooden dummy. The episode is distinctly encomiastic
in nature, for the contestants include members of the most important Roman
families, as well as Pope Gregory XV’s nephew, Sergio Carafa and the Piedmontese princes. The article shows how Marino surprisingly goes to great
lengths in his praise to depict the precise workings of such tournaments,
which were a key feature of courtly festivities. The realism that pervades the
quintain scene in Adone, both in terms of its specific terminology and its description of tournament rules, is not ascribable to the epic canon, but instead
reflects the heightened awareness of courtly events that marked the early
17th century. It can thus be inferred that the weight that Marino gives to the
‘upper’ realm of the panegyric and the ‘lower’ domain of courtly festivities is
much more balanced than once believed.

Pag. 501-536
Etichette: Poesia, Poesia pastorale, XVII secolo, Giovan Battista Marino, Adone,

Autore/i articolo: Claudia Villa
Titolo articolo: L’epistola di Dante ai cardinali (post 8 settembre 1314-ante 28 giugno 1316) e la Constitutio “Ubi periculum”.

The “Ubi periculum” was a papal bull that dictated immediate excommunication for anyone corresponding with cardinals while they were united together in a conclave; thus, the decree presents a terminus post quem for the dating of the epistle written by Dante to the Italian cardinals gathered together in the conclave that had been interrupted since 24 June 1314. The conclave, in which all of the Italian cardinals except Luca Fieschi participated, did not draw to an end until August 1316. Since Dante’s epistle alludes to a letter from some Italian cardinals dated 8 September 1314, its dating must correspond to the long period of the conclave’s interruption.

Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 537-541
Etichette: Epistolario, XIII secolo, XIV secolo, Dante Alighieri, Ubi periculum,

Autore/i articolo: Gabriele Baldassarri
Titolo articolo: Autocitazioni boiardesche: dall’“Inamoramento de Orlando” al sonetto proemiale degli “Amorum libri”.

This article reflects upon the ties between the proemial sonnet in Amorum libri and two passages from the Inamoramento de Orlando which cite
two lines from the sonnet at closely spaced intervals. The study takes into
account the chronology proposed by Antonia Tissoni Benvenuti and confirmed to a certain extent by Tiziano Zanato, according to whom this part
of the epic poem was written before the canzoniere. It focuses in particular
on the relation between the ending of the sonnet and the words spoken by
Agricane in his duel with Orlando in the epic poem, in order to show that the
members of the court were well aware of this episode and all its cultural and
ideological implications and thus already held the key to unlock the meaning of the proemial poem of the Amores. The declaration of unharnessed
vitality present in the sonnet was not meant to be conclusive, but instead
implied some sort of ultimate repentance as its essential complement, even if
the coexistence of weapons, love and faith/knowledge that characterised the
perfect knight in the epic poem comes forth in the canzoniere as distinctly
Petrarchan in nature, expressing a struggle between young love and faith.

Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 542-559
Etichette: Poesia epica, Poesia lirica, XV secolo, XVI secolo, Matteo Maria Boiardo, Amorum libri, Innamoramento de Orlando,

Autore/i articolo: Giuseppina Adamini
Titolo articolo: Sul giardino della ‘souffrance’: per una lettura di “Zibaldone” 4174-77

To test the validity of the thesis “Tutto è male. Cioè tutto quello che è, è
male” [Everything is evil. I mean, all that is, is wicked], Leopardi employs
his famous description of a sickly garden and concludes that the sensation of
pain experienced by plants is indeed a credible possibility. This article suggests that one of the sources for this text was Mascheroni’s Invito a Lesbia
Cidonia, in particular those lines describing the botanical gardens. While
there is no documentation to prove that Leopardi knew of this poem before
November 1826, it cannot be categorically excluded, given Mascheroni’s notoriety both in scientific circles – of which Leopardi was well aware – and
in the literary sphere; in fact, echoes of the poem emerge in the canzoni Ad
Angelo Mai and Alla Primavera, and other unnamed sources inspiring Leopardi’s poems and Zibaldone have already been identified by scholars. Bearing
in mind the distinct contexts and intentions of the authors, this study underlines the affinities between the two texts in terms of structure, narrative technique, lexis and themes. It highlights Mascheroni’s focus on the disharmony
governing the animal and plant world in the struggle for survival and on the
possibility that plants may indeed have feelings. While in no way excluding
the possibility that Leopardi’s description may be a reference to the Garden
of Eden after the fall, the article identifies the ‘donzelletta’ [young woman] and the ‘gardener’ as personifications of those same creative and destructive
forces of Nature which are revealed to the Icelander. The article concludes
by suggesting that Leopardi may have been influenced by G. G. De Rossi in
his creation of these two figures.

Pag. 560-575
Etichette: Aforisma, XIX secolo, XVIII secolo, Leopardi Giacomo, Zibaldone,

Autore/i articolo: Alessandra Zangrandi
Titolo articolo: Autografi nieviani alla Biblioteca degli Intronati a Siena: il fondo Bacci e il fondo Porri

The files dedicated to Péleo Bacci and Giuseppe Porri housed at the Biblioteca Comunale degli Intronati in Siena contain four uncatalogued letters
by Ippolito Nievo. The oldest (dated 17 August 1852) is addressed to Carlo
Tenca and is bound together with the complete autograph copy of the polymetric poem Il Crespuscolo, which exists in a printed edition from 1852 and
in two autograph fragments housed at the Biblioteca Civica Vincenzo Joppi
in Udine. There are also two letters to men to whom Nievo addressed other
correspondence, one to Vicenzo De Castro (19 September 1856) and the
other to Cesare Calabi (12 May 1858). The last autograph is an undated and
unaddressed note of condolence written by Nievo to the son of a recently
deceased marquess. Thanks to the clues emerging from the note, together
with knowledge of the author’s family ties and friendships, it is possible to
date the note to 1855 and to identify the addressee as the marchese Girolamo
di Colloredo, whose father (Fabio) had held ties of friendship and esteem
with a very young Nievo, as attested by the letters from the elderly marchese
housed at the Joppi Library

Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 576-596
Etichette: Autografo, Narrativa, XIX secolo, Ippolito Nievo, Le confessioni d'un italiano,

Autore/i articolo: Claudia Berra
Titolo articolo: Novità sulle carte di Giovanni della Casa e di Annibale Rucellai

Si rendono noti materiali risalenti a Giovanni Della Casa e ai suoi nipoti Rucellai, che si trovano presso l’Archivio Ricci Parracciani nella villa La Suvera, a Casole d’Elsa.

Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 597-599
Etichette: Epistolario, XVI secolo, XVII secolo, Annibale Rucellai, Giovanni Della Casa,

Autore/i articolo: Mario Pozzi
Titolo articolo: Per Lodovico Dolce

Breve rassegna di studi e di edizioni critiche delle opere di Lodovico Dolce curate negli ultimi anni dagli studiosi del gruppo di ricerca “Cinquecento plurale”.

Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 600-602
Etichette: Commedia, Epistolario, Teatro, XVI secolo, Lodovico Dolce,

Autore/i libro/articolo recensito: Cornelia Wild
Titolo libro/articolo recensito: Göttliche Stimme, irdische Schrift. Dante, Petrarca und Caterina da Siena
Edizioni: de Gruyter, Berlin/Boston – 2017
Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 603-606
Recensore/i: Sebastian Neumeister
Etichette: XIII secolo, XIV secolo, XV secolo, Caterina da Siena, Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarca,

Titolo libro/articolo recensito: Louise Labé poétesse lyonnaise. Essais, études, épreuves de lecture
Edizioni: Olschki, Firenze – 2017
Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 606-608
Recensore/i: Arnaldo Di Benedetto
Etichette: XVI secolo, Louis Labè,

Titolo libro/articolo recensito: Antonio Magliabechi nell’Europa dei saperi
A cura di: Jean Boutier, Maria Pia Paoli, Corrado Viola
Edizioni: Edizioni della Normale, Pisa – 2017
Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 608-612
Recensore/i: Franco Arato
Etichette: Biblioteca, Epistolario, XVII secolo, XVIII secolo, Antonio Magliabechi,

Autore/i libro/articolo recensito: Laura Nay
Titolo libro/articolo recensito: La tirannide degli affetti. «Affetti naturali» e «affetti di libertà» nelle tragedie alfieriane.
Edizioni: Franco Angeli, Milano – 2017
Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 612-614
Recensore/i: Paola Trivero
Etichette: Libertà, Teatro, Tragedia, XIX secolo, XVIII secolo, Vittorio Alfieri,

Autore/i libro/articolo recensito: Luciano Bossina
Titolo libro/articolo recensito: Lo scrittoio di Guido Gozzano. Da Omero a Nietzsche
Edizioni: Olschki, Firenze – 2017
Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 614-618
Recensore/i: Valter Boggione
Etichette: Crepuscolarismo, Poesia, XIX secolo, XX secolo, Guido Gozzano,

Autore/i libro/articolo recensito: Alberto Comparini
Titolo libro/articolo recensito: La poetica dei Dialoghi con Leucò di Cesare Pavese
Edizioni: Mimesis, Sesto San Giovanni (Milano) – 2017
Lingua: Italiano
Pag. 618-621
Recensore/i: Iuri Moscardi
Etichette: Narrativa, XIX secolo, XX secolo, Cesare Pavese, Dialoghi con Leucò,